张立武 研究员/博导

现任职位:复旦大学,研究员,青年千人,东方学者特聘教授

环境科学与工程系                                           Tel: +86(0)18521516173

E-mail: zhanglw@fudan.edu.cn   实验室主页:http://homepage.fudan.edu.cn/zhanglw

 

 

 

 

学术背景和专业资格

07.2012-08.2014 玛丽·居里欧盟内研究员

博士后,师从Jeremy Baumberg教授(英国皇家学会院士,英国剑桥大学物理系卡文迪什实验室)以及Erwin Reisner教授(英国剑桥大学化学系)

研究计划:高效能太阳能-燃料(solar-fuel)转化之光子纳米材料

12.2009-03.2012 德国洪堡研究员

博士后,师从Detlef Bahnemann教授(德国汉诺威大学,应用化学所)

研究计划:制作三维规则孔洞薄膜高效能环境催及能源催化材料

09.2004-07.2009 北京清华大学博士(化学系),并获得优秀博士论文荣誉

师从朱永法教授(北京清华大学化学系)

研究计划:环境催化材料的结构改性及机制研究

09.2000-06.2004 北京化工大学理学士(应用化学系),第一名优秀毕业生

(北京化工大学应用化学系)

研究计划:利用超临界流体干燥制备Al2O3和TiO2气溶胶并性质研究

 

获奖荣誉

07.2012-07.2014 玛丽居里欧盟内研究员,由European Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)资助,需要正式计划申请书,2年共280,000美元

12.2009-03.2012 德国洪堡博士后研究员
由Alexander von Humboldt Foundation资助,需要正式计划申请书,共约100,000美元

07.2009 荣获清华大学优秀博士论文奖

10.2008 荣获清华大学化学系特等奖学金

05.2008 荣获清华大学化学系学术新秀奖

10.2006 荣获清华大学光华奖学金

06.2004 荣获北京化工大学优秀毕业生

 

 

研究项目

    纳米光子学结构在人工光合作用通过CO2合成化学燃料中应用

通过人工光合作用制氢及将CO2还原为液体化学燃料是解决能源及环境问题的重要途径之一,受到国际社会的广泛关注。近年来美国及欧盟更是在这方面研究加大投入。如何构建既高效又稳定的人工光合作用体系是科学家亟待解决的难题。目前绝大多数研究集中在材料结构及改性研究,而我们试图从一个全新的角度解决这一难题:结合剑桥大学物理系纳米光子学中心研究成果,通过用新型光子材料控制光子在材料中的吸收及传播来改进光生载流子的产生位置及分离效率。例如通过设计光共振腔将光子限制在数十纳米级的超薄薄膜内,有效解决材料吸光厚度远大于载流子扩散距离的困局。如下图所示,通过光共振腔结构设计,理论模拟发现BiVO4只需37 nm厚即可吸收80%的300-500 nm的光。另外通过量子等离子共振结构 (quantum plasmonics),可将光挤压在仅1-10 nm的狭小空间。根据我们组近期发表在Nature的研究结果( Nature 491, 574 (2012); DOI:10.1038/nature11653),在量子等离子共振结构狭小空间内,光强可以增强105倍!如果我们将光活性材料放入量子等离子共振结构的空隙中,即可有效增强人工光合作用的效率。另外,申请人与剑桥大学化学系太阳能燃料实验室主任Erwin Reisner教授建立长期合作关系,对申请人今后在此领域的继续研究大有裨益。

 

Figure 1. BiVO4 optical cavity for artificial photosynthesis by trapping light in thin film.

 

 

Figure 2. Proposed alternative structure to Au nanoparticle dimer for artificial photosynthesis. a) The Au nanoparticle can couple to the image charge in Au substrate. b) Significantly enhanced electric field in the gap (more than 1000 times). c) Semiconductor nanosheets in the gap.

 

相关论文发表:

Zhang, L. W.; Wang, Y. J.; Cheng, H. Y.; Yao, W. Q.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis of Bi2WO6 Porous Thin Films as Efficient Visible-Active Photocatalyst. Adv. Mater. 2009, 21, 1286-1290.
 

Zhang, L. W.; Baumanis, C.; Robben, L.; Kandiel, T.; Bahnemann, D., Bi2WO6 Inverse Opals: Facile Fabrication, Efficient Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic and Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Activity. Small, 2011, 7, 2714-2720.
 

Zhang, L. W.; Bahnemann, D. Synthesis of Nanovoid Bi2WO6 2D Ordered Arrays as Photoanodes for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. Chemsuschem 2013, 6, 283-290.

 

    光活性材料及能源催化相关理论模拟

申请人在使用CASTEP进行理论模拟有丰富经验。采用CASTEP,用密度泛函理论模拟固体、界面和表面的特性,典型的应用包括表面化学,键结构,态密度和光学性质等研究。CASTAP也可用于研究体系的电荷密度和波函数的3D形式。此外,CASTEP还可以进行表面/界面机理,表面电子传输等理论研究,对环境及能源催化相关领域研究有极大应用价值。相关研究实例:白色的BaAl2O4在引入0.4 %的氧空位后变为黑色,如此明显增强了大范围的光吸收是与纳米尺寸的BaAl2O4中复杂的氧空位结构有关。通过DFT计算系统地对氧空位进行实验和理论研究。另外对于光活性材料的原子掺杂,取代等改性研究,理论电子结构计算对这些修饰取代进行了很好的解释。


 
      

 

相关论文发表:

Zhang, L. W.; Wang, L.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis and performance of BaAl2O4 with a wide spectral range of optical absorption. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2007, 17, (18), 3781-3790.

Zhang, L. W.; Fu, H. B.; Zhang, C.; Zhu, Y. F., Effects of Ta5+ substitution on the structure and photocatalytic behavior of the Ca2Nb2O7 photocatalyst. J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, (8), 3126-3133.

Zhang, L. W.; Man, Y.; Zhu, Y. F., Effects of Mo Replacement on the Structure and Visible-light-induced Photocatalytic Performances of Bi2WO6 Photocatalyst. ACS Catalysis, 2011, 1, 841-848.    

 

论文发表

Zhang, L. W.; Reisner E.; Baumberg J., Al-doped ZnO Inverse Opal Networks as Efficient Electron Collectors in BiVO4 Photoanodes for Solar Water Oxidation. Energy Environ. Sci. 2014, 7, 1402-1408. (Impact Factor 15.5)

Zhang, L. W.*, Chia‐Yu Lin, Ventsislav K Valev, Erwin Reisner, Ullrich Steiner, Jeremy J Baumberg*, Plasmonic Enhancement in BiVO4 Photonic Crystals for Efficient Water Splitting; Small, Early view online; (Impact Factor 7.5)

Zhang, L. W.; Dillert R.; Bahnemann D., Photo-induced hydrophilicity and self-cleaning: Models and reality. Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 7491-7507. (Impact Factor 15.5)

Zhang, L. W.; Wang, Y. J.; Cheng, H. Y.; Yao, W. Q.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis of Bi2WO6 Porous Thin Films as Efficient Visible-Active Photocatalyst. Adv. Mater. 2009, 21, 1286-1290. (Impact Factor 15.4) ("Highly cited papers" by ESI) (Highlighted in ChemInform 2009, 40, issue 23)

Zhang, L. W.; Mohamed, H. H.; Dillert, R.; Bahnemann, D., Kinetics and mechanisms of charge transfer processes in photocatalytic systems: A review. J. Photochem. Photobiol., C 2012, 13, 263-276. (Impact Factor 11.6)

Zhang, L. W.; Fu, H. B.; Zhu, Y. F., Efficient TiO2 Photocatalysts from Surface Hybridization of TiO2 Particles with Graphite-like Carbon. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2008, 18, 2180-2189. (Impact Factor 10.44) ("Highly cited papers" by ESI)

Zhang, L. W.; Wang, L.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis and performance of BaAl2O4 with a wide spectral range of optical absorption. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2007, 17, (18), 3781-3790. (Impact Factor 10.44)

Zhang, L. W.; Man, Y.; Zhu, Y. F., Effects of Mo Replacement on the Structure and Visible-light-induced Photocatalytic Performances of Bi2WO6 Photocatalyst. ACS Catalysis, 2011, 1, 841-848. (Impact Factor 7.6)

Zhang, L. W.; Baumanis, C.; Robben, L.; Kandiel, T.; Bahnemann, D., Bi2WO6 Inverse Opals: Facile Fabrication, Efficient Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic and Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Activity. Small, 2011, 7, 2714-2720. (Impact Factor 7.5)

Zhang, L. W.; Bahnemann, D., Synthesis of Nanovoid Bi2WO6 2D Ordered Arrays as Photoanodes for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. Chemsuschem 2013, 6, 283-290. (Impact Factor 7.1)

Xu, J.#; Zhang, L. W.# (#these authors contribute equally); Shi, R.; Zhu, Y. F., Chemical exfoliation of graphitic carbon nitride for efficient heterogeneous photocatalysis. J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1, 14766. (Impact Factor 6.6)

Xu, T. G.#; Zhang, L. W.# (# these authors contribute equally); Cheng, H. Y.; Zhu, Y. F., Significantly enhanced photocatalytic performance of ZnO via graphene hybridization and the mechanism study. Appl. Catal. B-Environ 2011, 101, (3-4), 382-387. (Impact Factor 6.0) ("Highly cited papers" by ESI) (Awarded 2011 "Top 100 most cited Chinese papers published in International Journals")

Zhang, L. W.; Xu, T. G.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, Y. F., Controllable synthesis of Bi2MoO6 and effect of morphology and variation in local structure on photocatalytic activities. Appl. Catal. B-Environ 2010, 98, (3-4), 138-146. (Impact Factor 6.0)

Zhang, L. W.; Cheng, H. Y.; Zong, R. L.; Zhu, Y. F., Photocorrosion suppression of ZnO nanoparticles via hybridization with graphite-like carbon and enhanced photocatalytic activity. J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 2368-2374. (Impact Factor 4.8)

Zhang, L. W.; Fu, H. B.; Zhang, C.; Zhu, Y. F., Effects of Ta5+ substitution on the structure and photocatalytic behavior of the Ca2Nb2O7 photocatalyst. J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, (8), 3126-3133. (Impact Factor 4.8)

Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y., A review of controllable synthesis and enhancement of performances of bismuth tungstate visible-light-driven photocatalysts. Catal. Sci. Technol. 2012, 2, 694-706. (Impact Factor 4.6)

Zhang, L. W.; Wang, Y. J.; Xu, T. G.; Zhu, S. B.; Zhu, Y. F., Surface hybridization effect of C-60 molecules on TiO2 and enhancement of the photocatalytic activity. J. Mol. Cata. A-Chem. 2010, 331, (1-2), 7-14. (Impact Factor 3.7)

Zhang, L. W.; Fu, H. B.; Zhang, C.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic properties of InVO4 nanoparticles. J. Solid State Chem. 2006, 179, (3), 804-811. (Impact Factor 2.2) (Highlighted in ChemInform 2006, 37, issue 24) ("Top-50 most downloaded" articles in 2006)

Alan Sanders, Liwu Zhang, Jeremy J. Baumberg, Facile fabrication of spherical nanoparticle-tipped AFM probes for plasmonic applications. Part. Part. Syst. Charact., 2014, available online.

Fu, H. B.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhang, S. C.; Zhu, Y. F.; Zhao, J. C., Electron spin resonance spin-trapping detection of radical intermediates in N-doped TiO2-assisted photodegradation of 4-chlorophenol. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, (7), 3061-3065.

Fu, H. B.; Zhang, L. W.; Yao, W. Q.; Zhu, Y. F., Photocatalytic properties of nanosized Bi2WO6 catalysts synthesized via a hydrothermal process. Appl. Catal. B-Environ 2006, 66, (1-2), 100-110.

Wang, L.; Zhang, L. W.; Li, J.; Gao, J.; Jiang, C.; He, X. First-Principles Study of Doping in LiMnPO4. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 2012, 7, 3362-3370.

Fu, H. B.; Lin, J.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., Photocatalytic activities of a novel ZnWO4 catalyst prepared by a hydrothermal process. Appl. Catal. A-Gen 2006, 306, 58-67.

Fu, H. B.; Pan, C. S.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic properties of nanosized Bi2WO6, PbWO4 and ZnWO4 catalysts. Mater. Res. Bull. 2007, 42, (4), 696-706. Wu, Y.;

Zhang, S. C.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., Photocatalytic activity of nanosized ZnWO4 prepared by the sol-gel method. Chem. Res. Chin. Univ. 2007, 23, (4), 465-468.

Fu, H. B.; Zhang, S. C.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., Visible-light-driven NaTaO3-xNx catalyst prepared by a hydrothermal process. Mater. Res. Bull. 2008, 43, (4), 864-872.

Fu, H. B.; Yao, W. Q.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., The enhanced photoactivity of nanosized Bi2WO6 catalyst for the degradation of 4-chlorophenol. Mater. Res. Bull. 2008, 43, (10), 2617-2625.

Zhu, S. B.; Fu, H. B.; Zhang, S. C.; Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. F., Two-step synthesis of a novel visible-light-driven K2Ta2O6-xNx catalyst for the pollutant decomposition. J. Photoch. Photobio. A 2008, 193, (1), 33-41.

Yao, W. Q.; Zhang, L. W.; Mu, H. J.; Zhang, CA.; Zhu, Y. F., Growth and Interface Structures of Zr/Nb Films and Si (110) Substrate, Chin. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 2011, 2, 003. (EI收录)

Zhang, L. W.; Zhu, Y. Novel Visible-Light-Active Tungstate and Molybdate Photocatalysts, Materials China, 2010, 1, 011.

 

研究经费

    2012-2014高效能太阳能-燃料(solar-fuel)转化之光子纳米材料

Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship,欧盟FP7框架计划,全面负责,$280,000

http://ec.europa.eu/research/mariecurieactions/about-mca/actions/ief/

    2010-2012制作三维规则孔洞薄膜高效能环境催化净化材料及环境自清洁材料

Alexander von Humboldt Followship,德国洪堡基金会,全面负责,$100,000

http://www.humboldt-foundation.de/web/start.html

    2007-2010 光催化材料以及应用之基础研究

中国国家基础研究计划(2007CB613303),主要研究者,$ 200, 000

http://www.973.gov.cn/English/Index.aspx

    2007-2009共轭大π键材料表面修饰TiO2以及提高光活性研究

中国国家科学基金(20673065),主要研究者,$ 50, 000

http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/Portal0/default152.htm

    2006-2008 BiWO6纳米尺寸光催化剂之可控合成及活性研究

中国国家科学基金(20571047),主要研究者,$ 40, 000

http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/Portal0/default152.htm

 

专业指导

    Adv. Mater., Angew. Chem., J. Photochem. Photobiol., C, Journal of Catalysis, J. Mater. Chem., Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental, ACS Catalysis, Materials Letters 等期刊审稿人

 

 

研究兴趣

    大气污染物控制,大气化学过程
    人工光合作用
    环境痕量污染物检测